Iceland Travel Guide

Iceland Hotels

Iceland Travel Destination
Reykjavik, Iceland
Keflavik, Iceland
Akureyri, Iceland
Egilstadir, Iceland
Hallormsstadur, Iceland
Hella, Iceland
Hofn, Iceland
Husavik, Iceland
Kirkjubajarklaustur, Iceland
Myvatn, Iceland
Reydarfjordur, Iceland
Selfoss, Iceland
Vik, Iceland

Iceland Tourism:
Reykjavik Tourism
Myvatn Tourism

Iceland Directory & Iceland Travel Information

Iceland Topography
Iceland Geography
Iceland Geological Activity
Iceland Climate
Iceland Flora & Fauna
Iceland Demographics
Iceland Government
Iceland Subdivisions
Politics of Iceland
Iceland Foreign Relations
Iceland Most Populous Towns
Iceland Languages
Iceland Religion
Iceland Economy & Infrastructure
Iceland 2008-2009 Economic Crisis
Iceland Transport
Iceland Renewal Energy
Iceland Education & Science
Iceland Culture
Iceland Literature & The Arts
Iceland Music
Iceland Media & Cinema
Iceland Cuisine
Iceland Sports

Iceland History:
Settlement & The Establishment of the Commonwealth
Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era of Iceland
Independence & Recent History

Iceland Vacation Trips

Vacation Holiday Trips offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Iceland Flora and Fauna

Few plants and animals have migrated to the island or evolved locally since the last ice age, 10,000 years ago. There are around 1,300 known species of insects in Iceland, which is a rather low number compared with other countries (over one million species have been described worldwide). The only native land mammal when humans arrived was the Arctic Fox, which came to the island at the end of the ice age, walking over the frozen sea. There are no native reptiles or amphibians on the island.

Phytogeographically, Iceland belongs to the Arctic province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Iceland belongs to the ecoregion of Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra. Approximately three-quarters of the island are barren of vegetation; plant life consists mainly of grassland which is regularly grazed by livestock. The only tree native to Iceland is the Northern Birch Betula pubescens, which formerly formed forest over much of southern Iceland. Permanent human settlement greatly disturbed the isolated ecosystem of thin, volcanic soils and limited species diversity. The forests were heavily exploited over the centuries for firewood and timber. Deforestation caused a loss of critical topsoil due to erosion, greatly reducing the ability of birches to grow back. Today, only a few small birch stands exist in isolated reserves. The planting of new forests has increased the number of trees, but does not compare to the original forests. Some of the planted forests include new foreign species.

The animals of Iceland include the Icelandic sheep, cattle, chicken, goat and the sturdy Icelandic horse. Many varieties of fish live in the ocean waters surrounding Iceland, and the fishing industry is a main contributor to Iceland's economy, accounting for more than half of its total exports. Wild mammals include the Arctic Fox, mink, mice, rats, rabbits and reindeer. Polar bears occasionally visit the island, travelling on icebergs from Greenland. In May 2008 two polar bears came only two weeks apart. Birds, especially seabirds, are a very important part of Iceland's animal life. Puffins, skuas, and kittiwakes nest on its sea cliffs. Though Iceland no longer has a commercial whaling fleet (as of August, 2007) it still allows scientific whale hunts which are not supported by the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission (IWC).


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Iceland Travel Destination

Iceland Travel Informations and Iceland Travel Guide
Topography of Iceland - Geography of Iceland - Iceland Geological Activity - Iceland Climate
Flora & Fauna of Iceland - Demographics of Iceland

Iceland History : Settlement & The Establishment of the Commonwealth
Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era of Iceland - Independence & Recent History

Government of Iceland - Iceland Subdivisions - Politics of Iceland - Iceland Foreign Relations
Most Populous Towns in Iceland - Languages in Iceland - Religion in Iceland - Economy & Infrastructure
2008-2009 economic crisis - Transport of Iceland - Renewal Energy of Iceland - Education & Science of Iceland
Culture of Iceland - Iceland Literature & The Arts - Music of Iceland - Media & Cinema of Iceland
Cuisine of Iceland - Sports in Iceland

Other Europe and European Travel Destinations
Iceland, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
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