Iceland Travel Guide

Iceland Hotels

Iceland Travel Destination
Reykjavik, Iceland
Keflavik, Iceland
Akureyri, Iceland
Egilstadir, Iceland
Hallormsstadur, Iceland
Hella, Iceland
Hofn, Iceland
Husavik, Iceland
Kirkjubajarklaustur, Iceland
Myvatn, Iceland
Reydarfjordur, Iceland
Selfoss, Iceland
Vik, Iceland

Iceland Tourism:
Reykjavik Tourism
Myvatn Tourism

Iceland Directory & Iceland Travel Information

Iceland Topography
Iceland Geography
Iceland Geological Activity
Iceland Climate
Iceland Flora & Fauna
Iceland Demographics
Iceland Government
Iceland Subdivisions
Politics of Iceland
Iceland Foreign Relations
Iceland Most Populous Towns
Iceland Languages
Iceland Religion
Iceland Economy & Infrastructure
Iceland 2008-2009 Economic Crisis
Iceland Transport
Iceland Renewal Energy
Iceland Education & Science
Iceland Culture
Iceland Literature & The Arts
Iceland Music
Iceland Media & Cinema
Iceland Cuisine
Iceland Sports

Iceland History:
Settlement & The Establishment of the Commonwealth
Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era of Iceland
Independence & Recent History

Iceland Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Iceland offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Iceland History - Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era

In 1814, following the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark-Norway was broken up into two separate kingdoms via the Treaty of Kiel. Iceland remained a Danish dependency. A new independence movement arose under the leadership of Jón Sigurðsson, inspired by the romantic and nationalist ideologies of mainland Europe.

In 1874, Denmark granted Iceland home rule, which was expanded in 1904. The Act of Union, an agreement with Denmark signed on 1 December 1918, recognised Iceland as a fully sovereign state under the Danish king. During the last quarter of the 19th century many Icelanders emigrated to North America, mainly Canada, in search of better living conditions. About 15,000 out of a total population of 70,000 left.

Iceland during World War II joined Denmark in asserting neutrality. After the German occupation of Denmark on 9 April 1940, Iceland's parliament declared that the Icelandic government should assume the Danish king's authority and take control over foreign affairs and other matters previously handled by Denmark on behalf of Iceland. A month later, British military forces occupied Iceland, violating Icelandic neutrality. In 1941, responsibility for the occupation was taken over by the United States Army. Allied occupation of Iceland lasted throughout the war.

On 31 December 1943, the Act of Union agreement expired after 25 years. Beginning on 20 May 1944, Icelanders voted in a four-day plebiscite on whether to terminate the union with Denmark and establish a republic.[24] The vote was 97% in favour of ending the union and 95% in favour of the new republican constitution. Iceland formally became an independent republic on 17 June 1944, with Sveinn Björnsson as the first president.

In 1946, the Allied occupation force left Iceland, which formally became a member of NATO on 30 March 1949, amid domestic controversy and riots. On 5 May 1951, a defence agreement was signed with the United States. American troops returned to Iceland and remained throughout the Cold War, finally leaving in autumn of 2006.

The immediate post-war period was followed by substantial economic growth, driven by industrialisation of the fishing industry and Marshall aid and Keynesian government management of the economies of Europe, all of which promoted trade.[dubious – discuss] The 1970s were marked by the Cod Wars – several disputes with the United Kingdom over Iceland's extension of its fishing limits. The economy was greatly diversified and liberalized following Iceland's joining of the European Economic Area in 1992.

In 2003, Iceland decided to transform itself from a nation best known for its fishing industry into a global financial powerhouse. By 2008 the nation's currency was defunct and the national debt had soared to over eight times GDP.


Holiday Vacation Trips Iceland also showcase a unique blend of travel and leisure photos and stories, updates, events and announcements about roads, shopping malls, hotels, bed and breakfast, restaurants, groceries and more. Not just a travel guide but one-of-a-kind discovery of people and places.

Iceland Travel Destination

Iceland Travel Informations and Iceland Travel Guide
Topography of Iceland - Geography of Iceland - Iceland Geological Activity - Iceland Climate
Flora & Fauna of Iceland - Demographics of Iceland

Iceland History : Settlement & The Establishment of the Commonwealth
Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era of Iceland - Independence & Recent History

Government of Iceland - Iceland Subdivisions - Politics of Iceland - Iceland Foreign Relations
Most Populous Towns in Iceland - Languages in Iceland - Religion in Iceland - Economy & Infrastructure
2008-2009 economic crisis - Transport of Iceland - Renewal Energy of Iceland - Education & Science of Iceland
Culture of Iceland - Iceland Literature & The Arts - Music of Iceland - Media & Cinema of Iceland
Cuisine of Iceland - Sports in Iceland

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