Iceland Travel Guide

Iceland Hotels

Iceland Travel Destination
Reykjavik, Iceland
Keflavik, Iceland
Akureyri, Iceland
Egilstadir, Iceland
Hallormsstadur, Iceland
Hella, Iceland
Hofn, Iceland
Husavik, Iceland
Kirkjubajarklaustur, Iceland
Myvatn, Iceland
Reydarfjordur, Iceland
Selfoss, Iceland
Vik, Iceland

Iceland Tourism:
Reykjavik Tourism
Myvatn Tourism

Iceland Directory & Iceland Travel Information

Iceland Topography
Iceland Geography
Iceland Geological Activity
Iceland Climate
Iceland Flora & Fauna
Iceland Demographics
Iceland Government
Iceland Subdivisions
Politics of Iceland
Iceland Foreign Relations
Iceland Most Populous Towns
Iceland Languages
Iceland Religion
Iceland Economy & Infrastructure
Iceland 2008-2009 Economic Crisis
Iceland Transport
Iceland Renewal Energy
Iceland Education & Science
Iceland Culture
Iceland Literature & The Arts
Iceland Music
Iceland Media & Cinema
Iceland Cuisine
Iceland Sports

Iceland History:
Settlement & The Establishment of the Commonwealth
Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era of Iceland
Independence & Recent History

Iceland Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Iceland offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Iceland History - Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era

The internal struggles and civil strife of the Sturlung Era led to the signing of the Old Covenant, which brought Iceland under the Norwegian crown. Possession of Iceland passed to Denmark-Norway in the late 14th century when the kingdoms of Norway and Denmark were united in the Kalmar Union. In the ensuing centuries, Iceland became one of the poorest countries in Europe. Infertile soil, volcanic eruptions, and an unforgiving climate made for harsh life in a society whose subsistence depended almost entirely on agriculture. The Black Death swept Iceland in 1402-1404 and 1494-1495, each time killing approximately half the population.

Around the middle of the 16th century, King Christian III of Denmark began to impose Lutheranism on all his subjects. The last Catholic bishop in Iceland was beheaded in 1550, along with two of his sons and the country subsequently became fully Lutheran. Lutheranism has since remained the dominant religion. In the 1600s and 1700s, Denmark imposed harsh trade restrictions on Iceland, while pirates from England, Spain and Algeria raided its coasts. A great smallpox epidemic in the 18th century killed around one-third of the population. In 1783 the Laki volcano erupted, with devastating effects. The years following the eruption, known as the Mist Hardships, saw the death of over half of all livestock in the country, with ensuing famine in which around a quarter of the population died.


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Iceland Travel Destination

Iceland Travel Informations and Iceland Travel Guide
Topography of Iceland - Geography of Iceland - Iceland Geological Activity - Iceland Climate
Flora & Fauna of Iceland - Demographics of Iceland

Iceland History : Settlement & The Establishment of the Commonwealth
Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era of Iceland - Independence & Recent History

Government of Iceland - Iceland Subdivisions - Politics of Iceland - Iceland Foreign Relations
Most Populous Towns in Iceland - Languages in Iceland - Religion in Iceland - Economy & Infrastructure
2008-2009 economic crisis - Transport of Iceland - Renewal Energy of Iceland - Education & Science of Iceland
Culture of Iceland - Iceland Literature & The Arts - Music of Iceland - Media & Cinema of Iceland
Cuisine of Iceland - Sports in Iceland

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